Nucleic Acid: The Major Functions
The nucleic acids are crucial to large biological molecules of all that is living. The nucleic acids are divided into RNA and DNA. They are the key element of the living organisms. They can be found in most of the living cells. The nucleic acids are also known to be biopolymers while the monomers are called nucleotides.
Essential functions of nucleic acids are as follows –
- Stores and transfers genetic data
- Directing the fusion of new protein based on genetic information
- DNA functions as the storage for genetic data inside the cells
- Fusion of RNA inside the cell is regulated by DNA
- All the genetic data goes through DNA to the protein synthesizers inside cells
- Production of new protein in controlled by RNA
- The proteins which are to be synthesized are directed by the base of DNA
- Double Helix function of the DNA ensures that the genetic data remains intact
- Synthesis of protein is controlled by RNA
- All the genetic messages go through RNA to m-RNA
- The m-RNA monitors the activation of amino acid
- The r-RNA ensures the stability of m-RNA
Other than the essential functions of nucleic acids, they perform several important functions for the body. DNA is the most important type of nucleic acid and the primary task of DNA is to carry the genetic information human to human. Besides, the nucleic acid has a significant role to play in man forming the structure of the ribosome. To put it simply, the nucleic acid is a major component of the human body that performs numerous functions within the human body system.